What Is CP And CPK In Six Sigma?

What is the Cpk of a Six Sigma process?

In a Six Sigma process, the Cpk equals 2.0.

The Cpk is inversely proportional to the standard deviation, or variability, of a process.

The higher the Cpk, the narrower the process distribution as compared with the specification limits, and the more uniform the product..

What is a good CP and CPK?

We generally want a Cpk of at least 1.33 [4 sigma] or higher to satisfy most customers. Cpk can have an upper and lower value reported. If the upper value is 2 and the lower is 1, we say it has been shifted to the left.

What does a Cp of 1.5 mean?

A Cp of less than one indicates that the process spread is greater than the specification. This means that some of the data lies outside the specification. … So a Cp of 1.5 means the process can fit inside the specification 1.5 times. A Cp greater than one is obviously desirable.

What is CP SPC?

Capability (Cp) and performance (Cpk) charts illustrate a process’s ability to meet specifications. Although SPC control charts can reveal whether a process is stable, they do not indicate whether the process is capable of producing acceptable output—and whether it is performing to capability.

How many Sigma is 1.67 Cpk?

6 sigmaCp = Cpk = 1.67. The sigma level is now 5 – the specifications are five standard deviations away from the average. The out of specification has decreased to 0.57 ppm. The fourth curve represents that magical 6 sigma level.

How is CPK calculated?

Cpk is a process capability index used to measure what a process is capable of producing. … The formula for the calculation of Cpk is Cpk = min(USL – μ, μ – LSL) / (3σ) where USL and LSL are the upper and lower specification limits, respectively.

What is a capability study?

Process capability is defined as a statistical measure of the inherent process variability of a given characteristic. You can use a process-capability study to assess the ability of a process to meet specifications. … They are valuable tools for evaluating initial and ongoing capability of parts and processes.

What does CPK stand for?

Creatine phosphokinaseCreatine phosphokinase (CPK) is an enzyme in the body. It is found mainly in the heart, brain, and skeletal muscle. This article discusses the test to measure the amount of CPK in the blood. Blood is drawn from a vein (venipuncture), usually from the inside of the elbow or the back of the hand.

What does CPK 1.67 mean?

Excellent, CapableThe Capability Index, Cpk. The outcome of a Process Capability study is a single metric, which provides an indication of the ability of a process to consistently provide output which is within required specifications. CPK <1.00 (Poor, incapable) 1.00< CPK <1.67 (Fair) CPK >1.67 (Excellent, Capable)

What is CP value means?

Cp is a ratio of the specification spread to the process spread. The process spread is often defined as the 6-sigma spread of the process (that is, 6 times the within-subgroup standard deviation). Higher Cp values indicate a more capable process. … When the specification spread is less than the process spread, Cp is low.

Can CPK be negative?

What does a negative Cpk or Ppk Indicate? Yes, it is possible for Cpk and Ppk to be negative. … It is impossible to have a standard deviation be negative so that would mean that x(bar) was larger that the Specification Limit. In other words, the process average is out of specification.

What is the difference between CP and CPK in Six Sigma?

Please note that the difference between Cp and Cpk is an indicator of how far the average of the process is from the target specification. … When the average of the specification is equal to the target value, then Cpk is equal to Cp. Cpk can never exceed Cp.

What does a Cpk of 1.33 mean?

Cpk = or >1.33 indicates that the process is capable and meets specification limits. Any value less than this may mean variation is too wide compared to the specification or the process average is away from the target.

What is CP Six Sigma?

Cp measures the capability of a process to meet its specification limits. It is the ratio between the required and actual variability. More mathematically, the Cp is the ratio of the Spec difference (upper – lower) divided by 6-sigma, which is the spread of a normal curve.

What is CP CPK formula?

The equation for Cpk is more complicated: [minimum(mean – LSL, USL – mean)] / (0.5*NT). LSL stands for Lower Specification Limit and USL stands for Upper Specification Limit. Often we describe Cpk as the capability the process is achieving whether or not the mean is centered between the specification limits.

What is a good CPK?

The higher the Cpk, the better is the capability of the process to meet its requirements. In the industry, a Cpk of less than 1.66 needs a closer look. A Cpk that’s less than 1.33 needs some action to make it higher, and a Cpk of less than 1.0 means that the process is not capable of meeting its requirements.

What is CP in manufacturing?

Share This. A measure of process capability, calculated as a ratio of tolerance or specification limits (upper limit – lower limit) divided by the process variation (6 standard deviations).

What does 1.33 PPK mean?

meeting customer requirementsPpk < 1.33. The process is substandard for meeting customer. requirements. Process improvements must be given high.